In this new era, in which we are currently living due to the COVID-19 pandemic, social distancing is the new normal. This has forced a rapid growth of the telemedicine as a resource not only to serve our population, but also as a safety measure for our beloved physicians.
Telemedicine covered under the Puerto Rico Incentives Code
The states in the mainland and Puerto Rico have rapidly adopted emergency and immediate guidelines to permit and provide flexible rules to allow a broader reach of the so much needed medical advice by permitting the telemedicine. Curiously, our Puerto Rico Incentives Code had already a platform of tax incentives ready to assist as an economic tool in this regard.
The recent adopted Puerto Rico Incentives Code has a chapter dedicated exclusively for exportation of services and, as part of the list of eligible services, it provides the telemedicine as one of the express activities. The former law to the Puerto Rico Incentives Code - Act 20, approved in 2012, had a limitation that is no longer in the Puerto Rico Incentives Code. The incentives under the Act 20 were only allowed for judicial entities (LLCs or C-Corps for example) and did not provide for a natural person to export services under the incentives’ regime. One of the most important changes made under the Puerto Rico Incentives Code is that it now permits that either judicial persons or natural persons can request a tax decree to obtain the incentives.
Incentives for exportation of services
What are the incentives that the Puerto Rico Incentives Code offers for the exportation of services? One of the incentives offered is that the net income derived from the exportation of services is subject to a flat income tax rate of 4%, meaning that there is no additional tax on distributions. In addition, the Puerto Rico Incentives Code provides a 75% exemption for property taxes and 50% exemption from municipal taxes.
To be eligible for such incentives, the taxpayer must solicit be covered under a decree, which is a contract between the recipient of the incentives and the government of Puerto Rico, represented by the Secretary of the Department of Economic Development and Commerce. Under this incentive the term of such decree is for 15 years and provides the option to a renewal for an additional 15 years.
The main requirement to obtain a tax incentives decree for exportation of services is that such services should be for an outside maker, meaning that the recipient of the service must not be in Puerto Rico. The ideal scenario is that those services be performed entirely in Puerto Rico to avoid possible taxation in the foreign jurisdiction where the services are being exported. Therefore, physicians in Puerto Rico could assist outside markets such as the United States health centers by engaging in telemedicine services from Puerto Rico. It is important to bear in mind that the decree should be requested in advance and prior to engaging in the export activities.
It is not a secret that Puerto Rico was very proactive in setting up an early and timely lockdown that has proven to be effective in controlling the effects of the pandemic in our island. As a result, we now have a great opportunity to assist the mainland and for which the Puerto Rico Incentives Code provides an excellent tool to achieve this.